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Scientists have successfully synthesised six out of 16 yeast chromosomes, making significant progress in the development of artificial life. This places them over one-third of the way to building custom-made yeast genomes. Over 200 scientists are participating in and carrying research out as part of the Synthetic Yeast Genome Project and it has even been estimated that the artificial yeast genome could be finished by the end of this year.  The ultimate goal remains some way off, but this research will shift scientists ever closer to learning how to write code that could create a functioning artificial organism. Although something similar has been achieved with the Mycoplasma genitalium bacterium, the yeast genome is reportedly far more complex. Should the team succeed, it would be the very first genome of a eukaryotic organism to have been synthesised, falling under the same domain that animals and plants belong to, claim ScienceAlert.